The aircraft operators (airlines, air cargo operators, commuters, and general aviation) determine how many flights are needed, which aircraft will be used, and when flights are scheduled. For commercial passenger service, airlines schedule flights and aircraft to meet passenger demand for air service.
Restrictions that were in place prior to November 1, 1990 were grandfathered under the Airport Noise and Capacity Act (ANCA). Only one airport, Naples Airport in Florida, has been successful in enacting a post-ANCA restriction. Many other airports have tried to enact restrictions, some spending millions of dollars, but all have failed.
In 1990, Congress passed the Airport Noise and Capacity Act (ANCA), which severely limits an airport proprietor’s ability to enact restrictions on aircraft operations including nighttime curfews.
Congress gave the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) the sole authority over the safe and efficient use of the National Airspace System in the United States.